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Crisis on the Himalayas, renewable source of biodiversity

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The Himalayas are a treasure of biodiversity. There are thousands of species of flora and fauna in this ecosystem spread over an area of ​​more than 5.5 lakh square kilometers. Research published in 2018 by the  Zoological Survey of India says that there are 30,377 species and subspecies of animals in the Himalayas. On the other hand, no exact data is available on how many species of flora are there in the Himalayas. However, according to the Botanical Survey of India, there are more than 49,000 botanical species and subspecies throughout the country.

In the research conducted for Wildlife Institute of India (WII), Suresh Kumar Rana and Gopal Singh Rawat have prepared a list of total 10,503 species found in the Himalayas. “The Himalayas are the tallest and largest mountain system on earth that is 2,400 kilometers long and more than 300 kilometers wide. The 10,503 vegetation species included in our list actually fall under the category of seed plant. Other species are yet to be counted is.” Suresh Kumar Rana, botanist of the GB Pant Institute in Uttarakhand, told DW.

Special abundance in Central Himalayas

Countless species of flora and fauna make the Himalayas a precious storehouse of biodiversity, and thousands of small glaciers, valuable forests, rivers and waterfalls present here prepare suitable ground for this. The Himalayas are divided into several zones of which the Central Himalayan region is particularly home to this biodiversity. Research by Manju Sundariyal and Bhavatosh Sharma says that only 7000 species of flora and 500 important species of animals exist in the state of Uttarakhand, situated in the central Himalayas.

Gajendra Singh Rawat, a member of the expert committee of the Uttarakhand Biodiversity Board, says, “The best thing about the biodiversity of Uttarakhand is that we have a huge and rich ecosystem. In this state from the Terai to Bhabhar and then from the central Himalayas to the Himadri and There are 5 eco climatic zones up to the Trans Himalayas. We have developed protected areas like Raja Ji National Park and Corbett Tiger Reserve in the lowlands which is an example. There is definitely some damage due to dense settlement in the central Himalayas but natural wealth in the upper reaches Seems safe at the moment. “ 

But today there are many threats to biodiversity in the Himalayan region and there are many reasons for this, ranging from climate change to cutting of forests, frequent uncontrolled fires, drying up of streams, poor forest management and lack of awareness among people. . Because of this many species face an existential crisis. One such botanical species is orchid, which has been trying to save Uttarakhand for the last few years.

Crisis on the Himalayas

Crisis on the Himalayas

Orchid is an indicator of biodiversity

The orchid plant is among the oldest flora in the world, known for its plentiful flowers and priceless contribution to the environment. It has more than twenty five thousand species all over the world and in Himalayas it is found at altitudes ranging from 700 meters to about 3000 meters. About 250 species of orchids have been identified in the state of Uttarakhand but most are on the verge of losing their existence. Biologists say that at least 5 or 6 species are on the verge of extinction.

The orchid that grows on the ground itself or on trees such as an oak or toon makes pollination possible or easy in many flora. A nutritious and popular Ayurvedic product like Chyawanprash uses at least 4 species of orchid found in the higher Himalayan regions. For the last two years, researchers from the Uttarakhand Forest Department have preserved more than 100 species of orchids in the areas of Gori Valley and Garhwal Division of Kumaon.

“The local people have little knowledge about the orchid. Therefore, they used to destroy them inadvertently while cutting the orchid’s host plant such as oak or toon. So we protected them on about 10 acres of land in Gori Ganga valley. Today, within two years, we have protected more than 60 species of orchids in this small area. ” Research fellow of the forest department, Yogesh Tripathi, says those who are engaged in the conservation of lichen and orchid in the Gori valley.

Ecosystem experts believe that if there are a large number of orchids, it means that the ecosystem is left in its healthy and balanced form. “The place in the animal kingdom of tiger or leopard is the same as that of orchids in the plant world. Orchids not only combine with the spines for germination but also cooperate with thousands of species for pollination. Because their fertilization is the insect If there is an orchid from kites, then there will be very rare insects and moths in that area. It has a very subtle relationship with tree plants and if there is a slight change in the environment, then the first orchids end there. In this sense, it is also the most sensitive indicator of environmental health. ” Dr. Rawat says.

Economic Importance and Local Connection 

Experts believe that to save orchids and other rare species, it is important to understand the economic importance of these flora and make them useful for the local people. The Uttarakhand government is now claiming that it wants to make Orchid a source of eco-tourism so that the people of the state can earn income from it and increase awareness of such flora found in sensitive areas.

 According to Garhwal University Vice Chancellor and Botanist SP Singh, biodiversity itself tells us how life has grown and how biological development has taken place. Hence, abundant availability of animals and species at some place are healthy signs for the environment. Singh says that due to the medicinal importance of rare flora, it is important to preserve biodiversity. According to him, during the epidemic like Corona, efforts are being made to understand the medicinal importance of many species, so that medicines of this disease can be prepared. Earlier, Himalayan herbs have been used to treat many other diseases.

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A viral Wedding anniversary celebration video in forest, just watch, you can see the surprise

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Everyone tries to make the celebrations special and memorable forever. Hiding any surprise also made the event awesome. The video of such a celebration is now going viral in social media. The video shows a man cutting a chocolate cake in the woods as part of a wedding anniversary celebration. After placing the cake on a rock, the cake was cut. He cut a piece and the monkey from behind snatched the cake from the rock and passed it. The monkey was climbing a tree with the cake – this is the video.

 

People have watched the video. The video has made everyone laugh, as expected. This is evident from the comments received for the video. Someone’s reply that the monkey says that everything will be under my control when I come, whether I am invited or not.

Another commented that he was a dignified monkey and waited until the cake was cut.

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Kerala with antigen test: Covid results in 30 minutes

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Kerala with antigen test Covid results in 30 minutes

In an alarming situation where the number of COVID patients and contact patients has increased, the antigen test is being launched in the state. The government is planning to conduct 15,000 checks per day from Wednesday. Initial testing will be done in cavity care centers, including in containment areas and hospitals, as well as in unidentified districts. Antigen testing can be done in conjunction with antibody testing. The specialty of this test is that it can be detected on the second day if the virus enters the body.

Coronavirus Symptoms

Coronavirus Symptoms

Antigens are alien substances released from the body. The antigen test method is to identify the presence of protein components of the secreted virus in the mouth and nose. The antigen test results in as little as 30 minutes when the standard PCR test takes up to five hours. The Q-COVID-19 antigen detection kit, developed by Korean company SD Biosensor, will be used. RTPCR will also perform the test if the result of the disease suspects is negative. But even with the presence of mild antigen, the disease can be confirmed.

The government has approached the ICMR demanding permission for more private labs as it has to conduct 15,000 tests daily. The government has also set criteria for selecting laboratories, antibody test kits, sample collection, test results, and other related procedures. In order to get permission for more labs in the private sector, the government must meet the criteria set by the government.

How did China overcome the corona virus What is the secret hidden in the liquorice

How did China overcome the coronavirus What is the secret hidden in the licorice

The test results should be uploaded only to the Health Department portal. Laboratories must assure the government that the results will not be disclosed or disclosed to patients directly. Only ICMR approved test kits shall be used. Trained teams should be assigned to collect samples from homes. Such teams must use masks and PPE kits and follow the medical waste protocol. The Nodal Officer must ensure that all details are collected from the person. Final confirmation of microbiologist or lab-in-charge antibody test results in private laboratories should be made. The results will be announced only after obtaining approval from the state health department.Antigen Test

At the same time, the government has also decided to reduce the rate of RTPCR testing to detect Covid-19 in private labs. The decision was made after complaints that ordinary people could not afford it because of the need for minor scientific procedures to mandate Kovid testing. The new order will go down soon. Currently, private labs are being charged RTPCR for Rs 4,500.

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Actresses used to smuggle gold? Sexually abusing those who felled inthe gang; Following Shamna Kasim, another actress, filed a complaint with crucial information

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A group of young women has filed complaints against the blackmailing group that threatened Shamna Qasim. Two women from the event management team hailing from Ernakulam have filed a complaint against the couple. After locking them up at a hotel in Valayar on March 8, the gang allegedly stole money and gold.

As the incident took place in Vallayar, the case could be referred to as the Palakkad police. A case has been filed for kidnapping and human trafficking. Most of the complaints came as the media released pictures of the accused in the Shamna threatening case. The complainant was an actress from Alappuzha, a model from Kochi Kadavantra and another young woman.

At the same time, the defendant admitted in interrogation that he had sexually abused those who fell into the trap. The group approached Shamna Qasim on the pretext of marriage counseling and asked if she was interested in the gold business. This is the reason why they are suspected of involvement in the gold trafficking Police are also investigating whether the actresses were trafficked or used for smuggling gold.

He had allegedly grabbed Rs 10,000 and gold from Kochi. The actress and the film actress will find out the number of actresses and call them. The victims were told that they were well-known family members and businessmen. The majority of the girls fall into the trap when they are offered the opportunity to film. It was only then that the gold smuggling team was advised to escort. Large sums are proposed for commission. Those who fall into this are told to invest in the gold smuggling business. More money will be announced. Then he will buy gold and money from the girls for the business. After this, the defendant’s method is to drown.

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