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‘Gate to the underworld found near site of final battle’ -Mayan discovery reveals

Roselin Ravikrishnan

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Mayan underworld

Evidence of human sacrifice has been found in association with demonic rituals of the past. Archaeologists believe they’ve found the Mayan ‘gateway to the underworld.’

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Runes and ruins were uncovered just meters from where the ancient civilization fought their final battle with Spain at Lake Petén Itzá in Guatemala.

Mayan gate

An artifact , Lake Petén Itzá (Image: Credit: Pen News/Peten Itza Project)

Magdalena Krzemień, team leader of Poland’s Jagiellonian University, reported: “Water had very special and symbolic meaning in ancient Maya beliefs.

“It was thought to be the door to the underworld, the world of death – Xibalba, where their gods live.”

“We planned our dives according to written sources and a little bit of intuition. We wanted to check places that seem to be very important in the history of the Itza Maya group.”

Mayan gate

Poland team investigating the area (Image: Credit: Pen News/Peten Itza Project)

“In most of them, we found a lot of artifacts.”

The team argues that these artifacts were either dropped or lowered into the lake by the Maya as an offering to the gods.

One of the artifacts now recovered is an obsidian blade that may have been used to make blood sacrifices.

“Ancient Maya used blades like this during their rituals,” said Magdalena.

“They could make blood-letting offerings or even kill somebody to offer human blood to the gods.”

Among the other artifacts from the lake-bed are an incense burner and ceramic vessels, including some containing animal bones and one carved with rites.

Mayan gate

More ritual relics (Image: Credit: Pen News/Peten Itza Project)

Until conquistador Martín de Ursúa y Arismendi stormed the island on March 10, 1697, this was the last independent native kingdom in the Americas.

Magdalena said: “Most of the written sources say that the battle between the Spaniards and the Maya, who lived in Nojpeten, took place on the west side of the island.”

“We found an artifact in this area – a Maya stone mace head which can be related with the battle.”

She added: “It seems we have confirmed the location of the last battle between the Maya and Spaniards, and we probably found the area of the ritual activity of the Itza.

“That is a great beginning to the process of better learning their customs, beliefs, and culture.”

Relics used for ceremonies excavated from the lake-bed are pre-Columbian, dating from 150BC up to 800AD.

To be held under importance, Magdalena keenly emphasizes that her team have only undertaken reconnaissance of the sites, and not complete excavations.

As she suggested: “We should make underwater excavations to be sure if the area we found these objects in was the area of ceremonial activity.

Mayan gate

Artifacts indicate the site saw human sacrifice (Image: Credit: Pen News/Peten Itza Project)

“Right now we can’t be sure about the context of the objects, and whether their location is not the result of water movement or other factors.”

“But if we can confirm that, in this area, the ritual objects were found in situ – and we think two ceremonial objects were – at least one part of the lake could be called sacred.”

“We already have the general view of where we should make much more complex excavations in coming years,” she added.

Sponsored by Sebastian Lambert and Iga Snopek, the team are planning their next expedition to Lake Petén Itzá for August.

Flores, the island is today home to a town of the same name and is linked by a causeway to the shore.

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Neha Saxena Photo Gallery

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Neha Saxena is an Indian actress who appears in the movies of Malayalam and Kannada. She is best known for her roles alongside Mohanlal and Kasaba with Mammootty in the Malayalam movies Munthirivallikal Thalirkkumbol. With Saif Ali Khan in Chef, she shared screen room (2017). She has played the role of Mandakini in Devon Ke Dev… Mahadev’s Hindi soap opera.Hi I’m Neha Saxena(MODEL/ACTRESS)Part of South Indian film fraternity.Kindly DON’T GET CONFUSE with another HINDI SERIAL ACTRESS NEHA SAXENA / 25th OCT birthday

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Neha Saxena was born in Dehradun, Uttarkhand, India, on October 25, 1989. She is a Game (2016), Rickshaw Driver (2013) and Kasaba (2016) actress.Neha Saxena is an Indian film actress / model, who appears mainly in Malayalam and Kannada cinemas. Neha made her acting debut through 2013 Tulu movie Rickshaw Driver.For her work in Malayalam, Tamil, Kannada, Telugu, Tulu, and Hindi cinema, Neha Saxena is a popular actress in the South Indian film industry. After making her debut with the Tulu film Rickshaw Driver on the silver screen in 2014, the actress then starred in Kannada movies like Just Love (2014), Dandu (2016) and One Time Miss Madkobedi (2016) before finally gaining fame.Neha Saxena is a film actress who primarily works in the language of Malayalam, Kannada, Tamil and Telugu, Hindi. Together with Mohanlal and Kasaba with Mammootty, she is notable for her work in Munthirivallikal Thalirkkumbol.Actress Neha Saxena, who stars mostly in Malayalam and Kannada films and has also made some movies in Tamil, Telugu and Bollywood, recently named and shamed a man who asked her for a one-night stand.Neha posted her WhatsApp chat screenshots in a Facebook post with the man named Elson Lohidakshan who apparently works in Abu Dhabi’s Shine System Services (L.L.C). He told the actors













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Anita Hassanandani (brought into the world 14 April 1981) is an Indian on-screen character who has acted in multilingual movies and serials. Her first job was in the sequential Kabhii Sautan Kabhii Sahelii (2001). Her film introduction was with the Tamil motion picture Varushamellam Vasantham. Her Bollywood introduction was in Subhash Ghai’s Taal (1999). In 2003, she played Anjali Nanda in Kkavyanjali. Since 2013 , she is depicting Shagun Arora in Yeh Hai Mohabbatein. She additionally depicted naagin Vishakha in Naagin 3Hassanandani made her TV debut with Kabhii Sautan Kabhii Sahelii.

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In 2002 she made her Tamil movie debut with Samurai. With the 2003 thriller Kucch To Hai, she made her Hindi film debut. She later worked as a supernatural thriller in the films Krishna Cottage; and Koi Aap Sa. She also played the protagonist Anjali, a middle-class woman, in the TV show Kavyanjali.She has appeared on the television show Yeh Hai Mohabbatein in Shagun Arora’s role since 2013. She was Jhalak Dikhhla Jaa’s wild card entry in season 8. She has played Vishakha a.k.a Vish in Ekta Kapoor’s Naagin 3 from June 2018 to May 2019.

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Anu Emmanuel is an American entertainer who shows up in South Indian films.She made her introduction as a courageous woman in the 2016 Malayalam film Action Hero Biju. She made her Telugu debut with Majnu (2016), and proceeded to act in other Telugu films, as Kittu Unnadu Jagratha (2017), Oxygen, and Agnyaathavaasi (2018). Emmanuel has additionally worked in Tamil movies, making her introduction with the anticipation spine chiller Thupparivaalan

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Emmanuel was conceived in the US and lived the majority of her youth in Dallas, Texas. She acted in Swapna Sanchari while she was going to class in India. Endless supply of the film, she returned to US to complete her secondary school. While in secondary school, Anu realized she needed to seek after something in the aesthetic field. She made her acting introduction as lead in Nivin Pauly starrer Action Hero Biju which was coordinated by Abrid Shine. During that time she was declared as the female lead in Oxygen, close by entertainer Gopichand in the number one spot.

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